The benefits of Part 141 have long been debated before Part 61 teaching. Pilot students are confused by the differences and therefore unable to determine how to maximize the benefits that each offers.
The following remains unchanged, whether the train is part 141 or part 61: 1) written tests. 2) Oral exam in driving test. 3) Flight part of the check. 4) License issued.
Performance measurement is the same for both types of schools: 1) Instructors make or break a school. Knowledgeable, experienced instructors are key. 2) Some flight schools have a high failure rate. Successful schools must have at least 90% of the students they teach in order to receive the certificates and ratings they have signed up for. 3) Aircraft maintenance is important. Students should rarely cancel flight lessons due to grounding. 4) School accidents must be zero or close to zero, indicating that the school is of high value for your safety.
On the surface, it looks like all helicopter flight schools are very similar. This is why it is so useful to understand the differences between Part 141 and Part 61. The two biggest differences: 1) Part 141 training requires the approval of FAA-approved training courses (TCO). Part 61 does not require TCO at all. 2) The flight school itself and the chief flight instructor must meet the strict requirements of the FAA. Part 61 does not apply to these FAA requirements.
Let's start with helicopter exercises and flights in Part 61. Most helicopter flight schools in the United States today are part of a 61 flight school. Many helicopter flying schools of Part 61 start with one certified flight instructor and one helicopter. The flight instructor offers training to prospective students independently and trains the student as he sees fit. If the instructor is good, more students join the school and the owner buys additional helicopters and hires more instructors to meet demand.
FAA inspections are not required for the Part-61 helicopter flight school. Flight school is free to train your students in their own chosen methods. They are expected to comply with the FAR / AIM rules and regulations for Flight Schools and Part Three 61, but they are not subject to FAA inspection to confirm that they are doing so.
Part 141 training and flying schools must meet very specific requirements and standards. The helicopter flight school itself issues an air agency certificate when it passes FAA inspections. The structures and planes to be used for Part Three 141 are being inspected. The Chief Flight Instructor is required to conduct an annual FAA inspection.
On the training side, the Flight School provides the FAA with a separate and clear TCO for each certificate and / or rating they want to teach under Part 141. For example, a private pilot TCO will be submitted. It contains lesson plans for both flight and ground training. The flight school would have to submit another TCO for the devices if they would like to rate the instrument ratings in accordance with section 141.
Do not assume that a Part-141 helicopter flight school offers all of its Part-141 certificates and ratings. Many receive FAA certificates for private, instrument, and commercial certificates only. It takes a lot of work for the flight school to create a TCO and teach under Part 141. The FAA requires the flight school to keep extensive student documentation for Part 141, including very detailed student performance. This is great for a student. It takes a lot of time for the flight school.
There are some very large flying schools that offer only 141 part tuition. They set schedules for their classes and teach many students at the same time. They also have regulated flight schedules. These several very large flight schools often have a very high ratio of foreign and domestic students. This is because SEVIS (Student Exchange Information Visitor Information System) requires Flight Schools to be FAA Certified as Part 141 Flight Schools in order to apply for international student training. The Veterans Association (VA) has the same Part 141 requirement that veterans use their VA benefits.
Most 141st Part schools also offer Part 61 teaching for the same programs. For example, you could choose a private pilot under Part 141 or Part 61. Schools that offer both teaching methods give the student the most flexibility.
A student attending a Part-141 helicopter flight school receives all the benefits of attending Part-141 school, even if he / she chooses to complete some or all of the training in accordance with Part-61. They must constantly maintain their high standards in order to maintain certification.
The downside of Part 141 is that the TCO should be followed in the written sequence. Each student learns differently, and some people prefer the flexibility of the third part of the study, which allows the student to cover the materials in the order that suits him or her.
This is another benefit to a flight school that offers training for both Part 141 and Part 61. They will often use TCO for your third part of training. This is great for the pilot student because you get the benefit of a structured outline of an FAA-certified training course and at the same time be able to cover the materials in the order that works best for you.
Another benefit of studying at a school that offers both is that you can mix and match learning. For example, I practiced as a private pilot under Part 61 because I wanted the flexibility to jump into the training program. Flying devices are very structured and related to training procedures, so I decided to engage with my tools under Part 141. I found that the structured approach and the training sequence really worked well with my instrumental training. I went back to part 61 for my commercial training.
Learning to fly a helicopter is fun, exciting and expensive. Find out everything you can about your helicopter flight school and the programs they offer before making your final decision. Fly safe!