Since the days of daispanamovnay era in Mexico, and to this day there are several species of agave, which are used to extract aguamielya (honey water). After this sweet liquid, which resembles a coconut milk, derived from the heart of the lush and thus is exposed to bacteria and yeast in the environment, it ferments and becomes viscous. Zabroddeny aguamiel known as "pulque". For hundreds of years, and most likely thousands of years, medicinal properties have been attributed great, thanks to the myths that have been passed generations of indigenous peoples, as well as from research recently (not without contraindications with respect to the latter). As might be expected, the literature does not always match as the actual foundation and assumptions. Nevertheless, a secular synthesis summary is for lighting.
Pulque for several hundred years was associated with an elixir for the masses, a mild alcoholic drug with healing powers. Captured natural / organic and to a lesser extent the slow food movement, he was promoted to hipness. Millennium middle and upper class, who live in the major urban centers of Mexico, such as Monterrey, Puebla, Guadalajara and of course, Mexico, flock to pulkeryas. However, most of what is served – is a false form of dowels, known as the Curado. Basis slurry, sometimes even canned, combined with a selection of processed fruits, grains and / or vegetables, sugar or other sweeteners, and sometimes milk / cream and / or a thickener such as cornstarch. These Curado could not be further from the real deal, and probably to the time when they come to the table, any useful attributes, medicinal or other, has long been lost due to the commercial circulation. However, in the bars and restaurants in the city that are next to the rural areas, where it produces aguamiel (ie, Oaxaca, from the fields outside the town of Sant & # 39; Matatlan Yaga), it is nothing like 100%. The closer proximity kantatyny or komedora to the field from which it was collected aguamiel, the greater the likelihood that the silk was not mutilated, and that it has maintained its positive properties.
A wide variety of climate, which is grown species of agave, which suggests that the resulting attribute scales must inevitably vary significantly at times. And every kind of plant itself has a unique series of compounds, minerals, vitamins, etc., which are transformed in a different way. This depends on the subregion of Mexico, and then from the common bacteria and yeasts less in the environment. Types of agave used for extraction aguamielya that were noted in the literature include salmine, US, desserts, mapisagu, atraviren, feraks and hackers. various roots are commonly used, including acacia (in parts of Oaxaca state as a template) to make a dwelling more, hot, intoxicating or shypshay. It also speeds up the fermentation process, especially in the colder months. These additions further modify the properties of the volcano.
Name of pulque, probably comes from the Nahuatl word poliuhqui, which means spoiled. During daispanamovnay era in many regions of the country, it was a drink intended for priests, warriors and wise. It was used as part of the solemn celebration of harvest, to bring rain that fell, as a way of honoring certain gods, and during ceremonies such as marriage, birth and death. A variety of rules about how to conduct them, there are many myths about its origins. But nationwide thread that binds, is its medicinal value. This should be a surprise that the population, which saw a lot of people do not usually insured by the cholera epidemic of the 19th century.
Pulk has been developed across the country as a healthy beverage, dietary supplement. In Mexico, the areas where lack of safe drinking water due to contamination of humans and animals, it is used as quenching thirst. But its components, including iron, carotene, thiamine, folate, riboflavin, niacin, ascorbic acid, protein, calcium, magnesium, vitamin C, dietary fiber, a biologically active compound, phosphorus and ash are likely to lead to overwhelming therapeutic role in traditional medicine and nutrition as a preventive product.
Ask any sadachykera (the one who knocks from agave to gain aguamiel) in Sant & # 39; Yaga Matatlane, and he (or she, since, at least in the state of Oaxaca, which produces a husk, a & # 39 is a vocation, and not only reserved for men), will tell you that shalval on 100% natural, as the only fertilizer that has to stimulate the growth of agave – it Abano from cows, sheep and goats, and mulch, which is used – it Bagaziy (waste fiber with mescal distillation); and it attributes include stimulating production of white blood cells, the use of triglycerides, as well as control of diabetes, especially if you eat it in the morning well before breakfast.
Intercultural literature based on research from all over Mexico, giving a much wider story. Pulque was used:
• in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, including ulcers and kidney infections
• as an aid to reduce the overall weakness in the body
• the fight against loss of appetite and anorexia
• as a diuretic
• to improve relaxation before bedtime
• as a means of development of the fetus
• stimulation of the production of milk in nursing mothers
• as a means to initiate breastfeeding when you touch the newborn's lips
• For children, based on its ability to help build muscle and bone.
Despite the fact that the intended use of small liquid to boost fertility and improve sexual functioning has no factual basis (except perhaps to the extent that the consumption of alcohol can have a positive effect on the libido in some), most of the above really has been confirmed scientific research.
While yeasts from the environment play a role in the production of hex breast cancer, in particular, contributing to its penistastsi, in the literature often refers to the bacteria of the genus Zymomonas mobilis as a major stimulant which turns aguamiel in the scales (and to a lesser extent bacteria of the genus). Lueconostoc). C. mobilis is widely found in plants that are rich in sugar, it is extremely effective in producing ethanol.
Several studies have demonstrated the in vitro stimulation of growth of the different Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria probiotics plus strains. This helps in the development of important minerals. Phytase is present and possibly very important. It is a digestive enzyme. Some believe that it can bind and raise corn biyaaktyvnasts iron and zinc due metabalizatsyi. Phytase – a bacterium that is found in the intestines of cattle and sheep, but not usually found in humans, although there is the presence of its data in vegans and vegetarians. Phytase splits into fitynavuyu acid. This is due to the reduction of DNA, recycling klaryn-vestykulav, neyrotransmisii and control of cell proliferation. While in the field of animal nutrition studies have suggested that the use of feed additives fitazay as an aid in the production of calcium, phosphorus and other minerals, carbohydrates and proteins, the consequences for the person still remains unknown and requires further study.
Studying in the context of research how and why indigenous population used repeatedly for hundreds of years, we get a better understanding of the true accuracy and veracity regarding the myths and beliefs regarding the therapeutic properties of fermentation.
Scientific research confirms that consumption of 850 ml aguamielya satisfies the daily needs of the person in iron and zinc. As an alternative source prebiotykav syrups FOS (fruktooligosakartsyd) it improves calcium absorption in postmenopausal women and iron absorbs a greater extent. Consumption has been proposed for the prevention of colon cancer. It is known that in the form of silky contains steroidal saponins, which have been studied for their medical use, including antispasmodic activity and toxicity to cancer cells. They have been described as important bioactive compounds in yamsah, and there were several biological actions, for example, anti-cancer.
Melatonin content in the soft state helps to relax in preparation for sleep. Prabiotychny potential of lactic acid bacteria isolated from both aguamielya and with pulque, provides a low cholesterol dairy milk source for those who can not tolerate lactose. Perhaps it is the food with the highest dose and a variety of potential prabiotychnyh microorganisms. A study in the Valle de Soli, Mexico State, has shown that the consumption of soft products has led to a lower risk of insufficient hemoglobin for pregnant women.
But as well as the potential health benefits from the consumption pulhi was difficult to assess and confirm the reasons, some of which have been noted in this article, so there are some contraindications. We know that alcohol can have harmful effects on pregnant women and their offspring, even with the value of 6%. But this should be attributed to consumption in areas where food is generally bad habits or lack of access to a variety of vitamins and minerals through food. In the literature, actually it is shown that drinking in small amounts helps fetal development and increases milk production in lactating (mother helps absorb calcium).
In fact, in Pulque it has a small shelf life due to the ambient temperature and constant contact with the yeast in the environment. The longer it is stored, the faster it kisnet. However, if this is in fact not suitable for use in areas such as Mexico, like Oaxaca, it is used as a basis for the production of refreshing drink, known as tepach. Typically tepach made from vinegar-like taste, pineapple and sugar cane derivative known as pilontsyla or panel. Whether to keep the drink some positive attributes nuance.
For some, one more question – is the lack of sanitation-related aguamielem and pulque. This may be obvious, if someone has the opportunity to participate in getting aguamielya agave and / or having used the lane to the village market. In my view, the use of both drinks during the last quarter of a century, it's no problem. Commercial preparations for the sale of small banks – a possible solution. Chemicals are added to the fermentation stops. But it is expected that the benefits of consumption of earrings have long been lost since the introduction of canned puck anywhere in the country or in the US states where you can buy such as California, Arizona and New Mexico.
Further study with & # 39; there is reasonable and necessary in order to better understand the true benefits of small. But so far, based on documented risks associated with its consumption, it is assumed that pavedamlyaemyya positive attributes should be sufficient to make the reader from time to time to absorb the small of & # 39; the volume in this matter aguamiel, when the region of Mexico where it is collected from the fresh agave.